(a full copy of the RATC’s comments to FERC on the MVP is here: RATC comments to FERC 6.11.15)
According to its bylaws, the purposes of the Roanoke Appalachian Trail Club include a duty to:
- participate in and encourage the development of laws and regulations that protect the Appalachian Trail and its related interests
- use all legal means to protect and defend the Appalachian Trail and its related interests
Mountain Valley Pipeline (MVP) of Pittsburg has proposed a 42-inch pipeline over 300 miles long to connect fracked natural gas fields in West Virginia to markets on the East Coast and overseas as far away as India, and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) will decide whether to approve this proposal.
Volunteers from RATC and the community developed comments to FERC with help from Laura Belleville, the Appalachian Trail Conservancy’s conservation director and the new ATC Policy on Pipeline Crossings(policy-on-pipeline-crossings-2015).
The RATC board of directors approved comments one six aspects of the proposed pipeline:
- Necessity of compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1970 and the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to examine cumulative impact of all proposed major natural gas pipeline crossings of the Appalachian Trail.
- Avoidance of threats to regional air quality and human health
- Satisfaction of criteria in the Appalachian Trail Conservancy’s 2015 Policy on Pipeline Crossings of the Appalachian Trail.
- Avoidance of threats to regional water supplies and to drinking water for Appalachian Trail hikers
- Avoidance of karst topography and active seismic zones in the proposed AT crossing locations
- Avoidance of specific impacts, including scenic impacts, likely with currently proposed AT crossing alternatives
The proposed pipeline would cross the Appalachian Trail at one of three locations. Excerpts from the RATC’s comments on these specific locations are shown below.
On Peters Mountain between Rice Field Shelter and the Peters Mountain Wilderness Area (the original location):
o From the south on the AT, the scars from construction would be highly visible from Angel’s Rest, one of the most scenic viewpoints maintained by the RATC.
o The proposed crossing would virtually coincide with one of the most scenic locations on Peters Mountain, the view from Symms Gap Meadow, which is marked on official ATC maps as a “Scenic View.”
o From both the east and west, the view would be impaired by the sight of the 125-foot-wide (and in places, more) pipeline corridor extending down Peters Mountain into the valleys and onto Johns Creek Mountain, which the proposed route would also cross.
o During construction, the view would be of exposed dirt, noisy and pollution-producing vehicles and equipment. Forever after construction is completed, there would be a scar on the landscape.
o The valley between Johns Creek Mountain and Sinking Creek Mountain is quite narrow here (generally 3 to 4 miles wide), with three scenic viewpoints on the ridge of Sinking Creek Mountain according to the official ATC map. Much of the course of the pipeline in the Sinking Creek valley would likely be visible from these Sinking Creek Mountain viewpoints.
o Continuing northbound on the AT, Alternate 110 would be visible from the crest of Sinking Creek Mountain as it splits away from Alternate 110R.
o Still further north, it is possible that the pipeline would be visible from two scenic viewpoints in Brush Mountain Wilderness East, including the Audie Murphy Memorial Monument. Detailed maps of the proposed route were not available in time to allow inspection of this possibility, but it must be noted.
Alternate 110R crosses the top of Sinking Creek Mountain at the same location as Alternate 110 before breaking off to the southwest.
o Alternate 110R would have all of the negative viewshed impacts of Alternate 110.
o The land between Brush Mountain Wilderness and East Brush Mountain Wilderness would become a large scar, visible from Sinking Creek Mountain at a distance of approximately 3.6 miles and from other locations on the AT.
o It would parallel very close to the trail as both pipeline and trail begin their descent down the east side of the mountain, with all of the dangers that such proximity brings.
o It seems unlikely that the pipeline could be constructed within the power line corridor without straying into one or the other of the two wilderness areas, and in any case the construction of the pipeline would be a serious intrusion to the wilderness values of two such close neighbors.
o In this section, the power line passes above the forest floor and leaves large trees, the understory and a rich habitat between the Brush Mountain Wilderness and the Brush Mountain East Wilderness largely untouched. Construction of a pipeline would destroy this corridor on the ground, essentially fragmenting what is now a joined habitat. It would also require a massive amount of earth moving on steep side slopes, followed by flattening of the corridor for construction – basically destruction of an intact mature forest, to be replaced by a grassy area that would devastate biodiversity and encourage invasive species.
o The globally rare Buckleya distichophylla (pirate bush) has been documented on the Appalachian Trail in this section by an RATC volunteer.
o This route crosses the AT on Trout Creek. It appears to run directly through the drainage in an area with very steep upslopes on both sides and appears to be a major threat to water quality on this drainage
o Alternate 110J crosses through the Craig Creek Valley between Sinking Creek Mountain and the Brush Mountain/Cove Mountain gap at a very narrow point, where the valley is less than 3 miles wide. The pipeline would potentially be visible as it crosses the valley from scenic viewpoints on the AT, including 4 scenic viewpoints in the Brush Mountain East Wilderness (including the Audie Murphy Monument).
o Continuing northbound on the AT, the pipeline would be visible from scenic overlooks on Cove Mountain and on Dragon’s Tooth, which is part of Virginia’s Triple Crown (Dragon’s Tooth, McAfee Knob, Tinker Cliffs) a destination hike for both dayhikers and backpackers from a multi-state region. This is one of the most scenic locations on the AT in Virginia.
o Alternate 110J also appears to pass through the Brush Mountain East Wilderness, where no motorized equipment is permitted by law.
o This option would cause even more erosion than a direct mountain crossing.